Leprosy in Norway an epidemiological study based on a national patient registry by L. M. Irgens

Cover of: Leprosy in Norway | L. M. Irgens

Published by s.n.] in [S.l .

Written in English

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  • Leprosy -- Norway -- History

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 127-130.

Book details

StatementL.M. Irgens.
SeriesLeprosy review -- v. 51, suppl. 1
LC ClassificationsRC154.6N8 I74
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 130 p. :
Number of Pages130
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20410056M

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Tora is a thirteen year old girl who is dying of leprosy; she resides in Norway during the Napoleonic Wars. Throughout the novel, the author (Mette Newth) utilizes light imagery to foretell the events of the story.

The title, "The Dark Light," is a blatent contradiction. Tora's life is also a contradiction/5(8). Bergen, Norway Leprosy is a very old disease in Norway, probably imported by the and made Bergen for many years the center of leprosy studies.

The book presented the first clear descriptions of the clinical and pathologic features of the disease. Abstract. Background By the middle of the 19th century, leprosy was a serious public health problem in Norway.

Bynew cases only rarely occurred. This study aims to explain the disappearance of leprosy from Norway. Methods Data from the National Leprosy Registry of Norway and population censuses were used.

The patient data include year of birth, onset of disease, Cited by: Michael ;– ※ Inaugural lecture by the congress president at the XXII Nordic Congress on the History of medicine, Bergen, Norway, 4 June The history of the fight against leprosy in Norway tells how a country in the 19 th century, poor in financial resources and scientific merits, was able to reach internationally outstanding achievements in microbiology, epidemiology and.

The fight against leprosy in Norway in the 19th century1 Michael ; The history of the fight against leprosy in Norway tells how a country in the 19th century, poor in financial resources and scientific merits, was able to reach internationally outstanding achievements in microbiology, epidemiology and public health work.

Leprosy in Norway book term ‘leprosy’ origins in Latin ‘leprosus’ which means ‘defilement’. The first notes of leprosy reach back the ancient Egypt and Rome, but it has spread into Europe in the Middle Ages.

Leprosy is believed to reach Norway in the time of Vikings (Vogelsang ). In Bergen alone were three lepra hospitals. The book also examines literary representations of leprosy in Romantic, Victorian and twentieth-century writing, and concludes with a discussion of traveller-writers such as R.

Stevenson and Graham Greene who described and fictionalised their experience of staying in a leper s: 2. The diminution of leprosy in Norway by the end of the nineteenth century seemed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the Norwegian system and became instrumental in convincing the rest of the world about the value of legislation and isolation measures.

Pleiestiftelsen No 1, Kalfarveien 31 in Bergen. For millennia, a diagnosis of leprosy meant a life sentence of social isolation. People Leprosy in Norway book with the condition now known as Hansen’s disease—a bacterial infection that ravages the skin.

Yet others tell the story of leprosy in Norway in the form of text-and-image panels, with an obvious focus on this particular place, St Jørgen's Hospital. The medical side is obviously also explained in good detail. Some of the more graphic illustrations, especially the images of patients displaying the infamously disfiguring symptoms, are.

The history of leprosy was traced by geneticists in through its origins and worldwide distribution using comparative determined that leprosy originated in East Africa or the Near East and traveled with humans along their migration routes, including those of trade in goods and slaves.

The four strains of M. leprae are based in specific geographic regions. International Textbook of Leprosy Now Available Online American Leprosy Missions | Septem New Book Provides Critical Resources Free of Charge. The International Textbook of Leprosy, sponsored by American Leprosy Missions, is now available online at draws on the expertise of dozens of medical and scientific experts in the field of leprosy.

Leprosy, or Hansen’s disease (so named because it was G.H. Armauer Hansen who discovered, in Norway inthat the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae was the cause) has been known to man for over years. The word leprosy comes from ancient Greek meaning ‘scaly skin’ or ‘scaly back’. Most people are naturally immune to the.

Hansen continued as a medical officer for the treatment of leprosy in Norway and was the primary driving force for Norway’s leprosy laws of and These laws were based on the idea that since leprosy was a contagious disease, rather than an inherited condition or a curse from God, patients should be isolated in a special hospital.

In the second half of the 19th century, Europe was hit by the breakout of a large-scale leprosy epidemic with its epicentre in Norway where cases were reported.

Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen of Norway was the first person to identify the germ that causes leprosy under a microscope. Hansen's discovery of Mycobacterium leprae proved that leprosy was caused by a germ, and was thus not hereditary, from a curse, or from a sin.

early 20th century. knowledge of leprosy.” The most important aspect that came out of this work dealt with the cause of leprosy and its transmission.

The view was held by both researchers that leprosy wa s for the most part inherited, with about one-eighth of all cases attributable to “spontaneous outbreaks.” This would be the dominant medical view for years to come in Norway mostly due in part to the. Visit the Leprosy Museum in Bergen Norway In the late 19th century, Bergen in Norway had the highest concentration of lepers in all of Europe.

To deal with the problem, the city constructed three separate houses for the diseased, where they could be cared for by doctors and researchers studying the epidemic in an effort to discover its cause.

“Norway, the grand and fair, the land of invigorating breezes, of mighty losses, of far-stretching glaciers, of salt-water fjords running inland for a hundred and fifty miles; Norway, the health-giving and beautiful, and the last country where one would expect to meet with an awful disease as leprosy, is today in fact its European home.

Jose P. Ramirez Jr. had been sick for years before a Mexican healer told him he had "a disease of the Bible." He was 20 when he was diagnosed with leprosy.

Leprosy (or Hansen’s disease) is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection that can cause disfigurement and disability if left untreated. Discover the symptoms and see pictures. Get the facts. Between and Bergen had three hospitals for leprosy patients and the largest concentration of patients in Europe.

The city’s oldest leprosy hospital, St. George’s Hospital, is now not only a monument to thousands of personal tragedies, it is also an important arena for the dissemination of Norwegian work and research on leprosy.

LEPROSY (IN THE BIBLE) Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease, is the only sickness whose traditional complex of social, legal, religious, and hagiographical aspects have made its history inseparable from that of the Bible and the Church.

It is also unique in that the treatment, cure, and rehabilitation of millions of victims are seriously impeded today by widespread errors concerning it. Hansen was apparently satisfied with the outcome of the segregation strategy in Norway.

He noted a steady decline in the total number of Norway's leprosy cases from 2, in to 1, in and to in He facilitated the promulgation of the Norwegian law on the seclusion of people diagnosed with leprosy.

The St. George’s Leprosy Museum or “Lepramuseet” in Bergen, Norway is housed in an eighteenth century building, part of St. Georges hospital, once used to house lepers. It was also where. It is housed in one of the oldest hospitals in Bergen where Dr.

Hansen discovered the cause of leprosy. It was fascinating to learn that although Dr Hansen devoted his life to caring for patients with leprosy, he was the cause behind the first patient's rights case in Norway due to his unethical research methods. 4/ TripAdvisor reviews. When Minnesotans think about leprosy, they may recall Biblical references to the “unclean,” the National Leprosarium in Louisiana, or a Hawaiian leper colony.

In our state, however, leprosy was a medical concern during the late s and early s, when many of the affected were Norwegian immigrants. Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.

Infection can lead to damage of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes. This nerve damage may result in a lack of ability to feel pain, which can lead to the loss of parts of a person's extremities from repeated injuries or infection due to unnoticed.

As Herman sees it, "treatment of leprosy served as a focal lens for policies and statements aimed at marginalizing Hawaiians physically, discursively, and politically" (Herman). The racial nature of the Hawaiian leprosy policy is most evident when it is compared to the policy of Norway.

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease of humans caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. The disease has been known and described for several thousand years in India and China.

Over years ago, Armauer Hansen in Norway identified the bacteria as the cause of leprosy. The way in which the disease is transmitted is not fully understood. Leprosy is a contagious has been known for a very long time.

Today, it is mostly called Hansen's disease, named after the person who discovered the bacterium, Gerhard Armauer is caused by a bacterium, Mycobacterium leprae.A person with leprosy is called a leper.

As ofthe estimated number of new infections was about  Inwhen people believed leprosy was the result of a curse or a judgement from the gods, Dr. Hansen, a physician from Norway, discovered that leprosy was caused by bacteria.

He proved it was a contagious disease, like so many other plagues in our world. And when you find the cause of a disease, there is hope of finding a cure. Leprosy is a slowly progressing and intractable disease characterized by subcutaneous nodules, scabs or cuticular crusts and white shining spots appearing to be deeper than the skin.

This disease in an especial manner rendered its victims unclean; even contact with a leper defiled whoever touched him, so while the cure of other diseases is called healing, that of leprosy is called cleansing.

The present writer has been under the impression that leprosy had diminished in Norway, the diminution being generally admitted to be due to the segregation of lepers in the hospitals at Troudhjem, Molde, and Bergen; but Dr.

Vandyke Carter, who has closely investigated the subject, considers that:—" So far from leprosy in Norway showing a. Leprosy, although rarely fatal, occupies a unique place in the field of human disease. The earliest descriptions go back thousands of years. Leprosy was the first infectious disease for which the causative organism was discovered, yet it still eludes cultivation on artificial media (Rees and Young, ).

The stigma attached to leprosy has. Housed in the original wing of one of Scandinavia's oldest hospitals, Leprosy Museum commemorates the 8, Norwegians known to have had leprosy, as well as physician G.A. Hansen, who discovered the leprosy bacillus in View the small rooms reconstructed with period furniture, personal items, and wax models of leprosy patients.

World Leprosy Day is observed on the last Sunday of January each year. Established in by French philanthropist Raoul Follereau, it aims to raise awareness about leprosy (now called Hansen’s disease) and teach people about this ancient disease and that it is easily curable today.

While rare in the United States, many people around the world continue to suffer from this curable disease. This is a fascinating place; a former habitation for people suffering with the disease of leprosy, which struck Norway hard and lasted there longer than elsewhere in Europe.

The historic buildings are fascinating and well-explained without feeling overdone TripAdvisor reviews. Leprosy was still present in the Iberian peninsula, the Mediterranean, the Balkans, and the Scandinavian and Baltic countries.

Richards () states that about 10 cases of leprosy were recorded in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland between and Legislation and leprosy institutions were introduced following the three congresses. For centuries the disease of leprosy and the book of Leviticus have been linked together.

The description of skin disease given in the thirteenth chapter of that book has long been thought to be that of the disease known to medicine as leprosy or Hansen's disease as modern leprologists prefer to call it in order to avoid the stigma which still attaches to the name leprosy.

Read more: Norway's Forgotten Witch. 2. The Leprosy Museum (Bergen) Hansen’s disease (more commonly known as “leprosy”) has a surprising connection to Bergen. Not only is it where Gerhard Armauer Hansen discovered the bacillus that causes the disease inbut between andit had the most leprosy patients of any other city in.RICHARDS P.

Leprosy in Scandinavia: a discussion of its origins, its survival, and its effect on Scandinavian life over the course of nine centuries. Centaurus. ; – VOGELSANG TM. The termination of leprosy in Norway; an important chapter in Norwegian medical history; together with a portrait of Armauer Hansen circa Cited by: 5.The word “leprosy” only came about in AD when Jerome translated the Hebrew word “sara’at and the Greek word “Lepra” into the Latin word “Leprosy” while translating the whole Bible into Latin to produce the Vulgate version.

From there, the word “leprosy” became commonly accepted in the languages of Western Europe as the.

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